Editing it a creative way a filmmaker puts together different components of the movie’s clips in creating a film, this helps creates the story of the film. Editing involves movie visuals, sound and even the occasional special effects in helping to creating the final master piece which is shaped by the editor in creating the perfect movie experience.
Editing is a very powerful thing in filmmaking, a simple edit can change the way the film is visually viewed changing the way the films are watched, which means a simple edit can change the story of a film and even the plot or way the character is viewed, this is just one of the amazing things that editing can do.
The basic build for film editing is the shot, the film clip referred to as the shot is one of the most important thing when cutting up a small fragment of the specific shot. Each shot has multiple values, two the values are what is determined by what the shot itself and is determined by how each of the shots are in relation to each other which helps create the story line.
As far as the history of editing goes it has evolved a lot over the lazy years from hand to digital software. It was known as Cut Cutting, which was were the actually film footage was physical cut and glued back together. It then went to a little metal box which made the process a lot easier in the editing process which made the cuts a lot more accurate, instead of physically cutting and glued the raw footage together, it would cut the footage and you would move it up to the other piece of the scene and stuck them together. Which over time it was the way film was edited until computer had enough power to hold an editing software, which created software’s such as Avivd, Final Cut Pro and Premiere.
When it comes to money over time editing has become a lot cheaper, when editing first started people was paid to cut and glue the footage together which did not cost a lot of money. When it involved to having the metal box it cost more money, in order to get the box but people was still being paid. Where as in today’s society the major studios pay people still in editing software. But it involves less people and a computer, but today there are many free lancers and local directors making films in different parts pf the country, all the need is a laptop and subscribe to the software making it cheaper. But there is a problem of people de coding the software from a free trail or people posting the free software, which means there are ways of editing becoming free, meaning that the process of actually getting hands on editing is becoming less and less difficult as technology evolves.
When you’re looking at editing, you normally see the mise en scene, you hear music or dialogue and sound effects but with editing you feel emotion, you feel the flow of the editing which is what helps the audience to go on a journey with the film. Therefore, there is a lot of pressure on editors in making sure each length of a film is correct and the rhythm is going in the right direction for each clip, It’s like the shots itself has a rhythmic relationship between the different edited sequences.
As a viewer of the film we grasp an understanding even if it’s a brief one but an understanding of the overall effects, an editor makes by looking at the film as a hole not individually breaking down each scene. But by paying attention to how individual shots have been selected and edited together which is one of the powerful things about editing, this is also away they keep track of continuity.
Continuity in editing is a very important part of editing, it is what helps make the film work in a smooth way, it also helps the film by not getting put down by thins missing or not showing up in the same place. In fact, even the biggest companies have made this mistake, for examples Disney’s Enchanted which had multiple boom poles in the shot alongside other things, this is known as discontinuity as the film is not 100% done correctly the title is pretty self-explanatory. Discontinuity is not very often used I n the industry as much now as there are many ways of hiding simple mistakes and more people are learning from mistakes others have made previously in the film industry.
My overall conclusion on editing, is that every editor has a gaol in what they want to achieve. But it is in fact a dying job as time moves forward it is getting more and more difficult to get in the filming industry even editing itself in the future may not need anybody to control it at all, maybe done by a voice command, but who knows with how fast technology is growing in today’s society. Editing is a form of art, film itself brings so many people together it’s a shame not everybody shares the same in truest but one thing still reminds that has been going since cinemas first opened there are also people going to the cinema willing to pay to watch films. Editing is what helped makes or break the film which is why it is one of the most important things within the film industry is it also not an easy job to-do as it has a lot of responsibilities that comes with that title.
Richard Barsam and Dave Monahan “looking at the movies” fourth edition page 340-386.
Ken Dancyger “The Technique of film & video editing” Fifth Edition, published in 2010. (E-BOOK)